Muscle aches can occur in adults and children. In many cases, sore and aching muscles are nothing to worry about and will resolve without medical treatment. However, muscle aches can sometimes be a symptom of an underlying illness.
What are the causes of muscle aches?
Stress: Stress makes it harder for the body to fight off disease. In people who are unwell and stressed, the muscles may ache as the body struggles to combat inflammation or infection.
Nutritional deficit: A person may experience muscular aches and pains because they are not getting the proper nutrition from their diet.
Vitamin D plays a particularly important role in ensuring that the muscles function correctly. Vitamin D helps with the absorption of calcium, and a deficiency can lead to hypocalcemia.
Hypocalcemia is a condition in which the blood calcium level is low, which can affect the bones and organs in addition to the muscles.
A person who is dehydrated may experience muscle aches.
Drinking enough water is vital to keep the body functioning properly as it can quickly begin to shut down without adequate fluids. Dehydration causes essential bodily functions, such as breathing and digestion, to become more difficult.
People should be aware of how much water they are drinking. The recommended amount is 6–8 glasses of water each day. If hot weather or exercise causes a person to sweat more than usual, they will need to drink more than this.
Sprains and strains
Strains, sprains, and other injuries can cause muscle pain and discomfort.
People may find that a particular area of the body becomes stiff and achy if it is injured. Pulling muscles can also cause muscle soreness.
Some sprains and strains do not need treatment, but a person should rest, take over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, or use heat packs to ease the symptoms.
However, if the injury is causing significant pain, restricting normal movement, or not improving with time, it is advisable to make an appointment with a doctor.
A lack of sleep can have a severe impact on the body.
Sleep allows the body to rest and recuperate, and a person’s muscles may ache if they do not get enough sleep.
A lack of quality sleep can also make people feel sluggish and slow. It can affect people’s ability to think clearly and make it harder for them to carry out everyday tasks.
Home remedies for muscle aches: Home remedies are often sufficient to relieve aches resulting from minor injuries, too much exercise, or stress.
Many people can treat their symptoms using the R.I.C.E method, which involves:
Rest: Rest the affected area and discontinue the activity that caused the injury.
Ice: Use an ice pack or bag of frozen peas to help relieve pain and reduce swelling. Apply ice to the area for 15–20 minutes three times a day.
Compression: Use a compression bandage to help reduce swelling.
Elevation: If possible, elevate the feet to minimize inflammation.